Unless you’ve been living in the remotest parts of the earth, you’ve seen a digital camera. In fact, you’ve probably used one on more than one occasion.
There are a variety of digital cameras available, ranging from inexpensive, easy-to-use point and shoot models, to hefty medium format cameras that cost thousands of dollars.
Before you invest in any electronics, you should look into the functions of both the general topic, and specific models of devices that might work for you.
Today, we’re taking a look at the basics of digital photography, as well as a glimpse into professional photography in our world.
What is Digital Photography?
Digital photography is an artform that involves the use of digital and electronic devices to take pictures, as opposed to the traditional chemical and paper photographic means. When the picture is taken, the object of the photo is digitalized and kept in computer storage.
Before digital photography technology became the norm, photographs were created by the exposure of light to photographic film that was sensitive to light. This, in turn, caused a process that was a chemical reaction that both stabilized and developed the image.
The difference between traditional and digital photographs is that digital photography is normally created just by a computer-based technique.
Digital cameras became commercially viable and were introduced to the market in the late 1990s.
Even though a professional photographer’s workload can be dramatically reduced using digital photography, the professional photography industry was slow to adapt the technology.
A further advancement of digital photography came about when digital cameras began to be incorporated into cell phones. Camera enabled phones became widespread and popular in part thanks to the connection to email and social media websites like Instagram.
When compared to pictures produced by film, digital photos do not have as a high of a resolution. However, digital photography can be an ideal choice when a person needs an instant photo that doesn’t have to be as high resolution. Vacation photos, for example, would fit within this category.
Digital photography is great for the use, display, and distribution of photos on the internet.
Digital Photography Basics
There are some digital photography basics that every photographer needs to know.
As digital cameras have become more commonplace, and therefore more accessible to non-professional photographers, the prices have decreased while the features have increased.
With so many additional features available in cameras – on-board image editing, image stabilization, correction functions and burst modes, for example – there is a need to know how to properly utilize all these new functions.
One of the most basic characteristics of a digital camera that determines its image quality is its megapixel count.
The megapixel number is a reference to the amount of data that the camera’s sensor can capture in an individual photograph.
It’s a simple formula: when a camera has a greater megapixel number than the camera can take a larger picture with even greater detail. This will obviously lead to photos that will look better in print.
When a digital camera megapixel capacity reaches at least five megapixels, it is equivocal to film quality.
For beginners, using the point and click method is easiest, and can be done without any thought or effort, by putting the camera in the automatic setting.
Another basic setting on the camera that will improve easy digital photographs is knowing the exposure settings on your camera.
Exposure is how much light is hitting the camera’s sensor while taking a picture.
Adjusting the exposure relies on two specific settings: shutter speed and aperture.
The aperture is related to how wide the lens is when a picture is taken.
The camera’s shutter speed is how much time the shutter is open while taking a picture.
Adjusting these settings can drastically improve the details in a photo, such as the stem on a champagne glass near a light-colored background.
A professional photographer is an artist that makes their livelihood from taking, editing. and selling photographs.
Many photographers find it useful to join a professional organization. One of the largest association of professional photographer’s associations in the world is the Professional Photographers of America. This organization boasts over 29,000 members in 64 countries around the world.
Associations like the Professional Photographers of America grants photographers certain rights and assistance with difficult to maneuver situations with clients.
Careers in Digital Photography
Professional photographers are people who base their career around the art and science of photography. Professionals may work in any number of fields, ranging from art and science to advertising, the restaurant industry, or portraiture and special events, like weddings.
Digital Photography for All
Digital photography is an area that is constantly growing thanks to new technology. While it takes a financial investment to begin this, whether you desire to be an amateur or professional it is a great area to enter, and spend your time, efforts, and money.